Juneteenth — a combination of words “June” and “Nineteenth” — is a holiday observed this month by millions of Americans. The holiday marks the freedom of enslaved Black people in the US. A year after the against police brutality, sparked by the deaths of , Breonna Taylor, Ahmaud Arbery, Rayshard Brooks and others, the holiday is garnering more attention across the country, both within Black communities and in the broader consciousness.
Juneteenth is also known as Freedom Day or Jubilee Day. It is commemorated or observed to some degree in nearly all US states. Major companies like added Juneteenth to their calendars for the first time in 2020. Google made Juneteenth an official calendar holiday, too. (Apple’s calendar already noted it.)
The national focus in the last year has resulted in a push to make Juneteenth a national holiday, including a petition with real momentum. Some companies and organizations are also giving employees the day off to observe the holiday. Last year, entrepreneur Elon Musk said he would make Juneteenth a , though not a paid day off.
If you’re looking for ways to observe or celebrate Juneteenth this year, we’ve gathered a list of ideas for you.
Juneteenth history: How it came to signify the end of slavery
“The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor.”
The moment was significant. Texas had been the last of the Confederate states where enslavement continued, despite President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation to end slavery in 1863 and despite the end of the Civil War on April 9, 1865. Texas was the most remote state in the Confederacy, and it took Union forces until June to reach Texas in sufficient numbers to announce and enforce the federal order that ended slavery there. (The 13th Amendment, which added the abolishment of slavery to the Constitution, passed Congress in January 1865, but wasn’t ratified and adopted until December 1865.)
Since June 19, 1865, Americans have observed and celebrated Juneteenth as Emancipation Day, a day of freedom. In 1980, Texas began marking Juneteenth as an official state holiday, the first state to do so. Now, nearly all states commemorate or observe Juneteenth to some degree.
How can I observe Juneteenth?
Some traditional ways to celebrate Juneteenth that you may still see today are rodeos, fishing, barbecuing and baseball, according to the Juneteenth website. A prayer service, speaker series, reading of the Emancipation Proclamation and dances are among other early Juneteenth celebrations, according to the Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
States that observe Juneteenth as a paid holiday
While many states celebrate Juneteenth as a holiday, these are the states that observe it as a paid holiday.
- New Jersey
- New York
Ways to celebrate Juneteenth now
Order food from a Black-owned restaurant: Support Black restaurant owners in your community by ordering food on Juneteenth and beyond — here are. Yelp and Uber Eats can help you find these restaurants on their apps.
Black lives matter. Support the cause these eight ways: From making donations to getting more involved in your local community, here are real ideas you can participate in toand antiracism, even from your living room.
Educate yourself and reflect: While slavery ended in 1865, racism persists in countless institutions. Use June 19 as a day to reflect on critical issues that perpetuate discrimination against Black people in America and throughout the world. Spend the day reading about Juneteenth’s history, including how Black families felt after being emancipated. Watch the documentary 13th on Netflix, or engage with other that can help reveal real-world issues.
Place a sign in your front yard: Raise awareness and show your support for Juneteenth by decorating a sign for your front yard or door. This is a great way to help educate younger kids in your neighborhood who may not know about the holiday.
Celebrate with a barbecue or family meal: Gather your family together to celebrate freedom. Since the coronavirus pandemic is still a serious concern, make sure you’re following your state’s guidelines for group gatherings (here are the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s guidelines). We recommend with people outside your household and the when you aren’t actively eating.
Juneteenth only comes once a year, but there are more ways you can help your community all year long — for instance,.