AI to be Utilized by US, Australia, and UK to Counter China’s Pacific Military Assertiveness

AI to be Utilized by US, Australia, and UK to Counter China's Pacific Military Assertiveness

Aukus Pillar II alliance unveils plans to track Chinese submarines using advanced AI technology

The United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom have announced their intention to employ artificial intelligence (AI) as a means to counter China’s growing military assertiveness in the Pacific region. This move is part of the Aukus Pillar II alliance, a trilateral security arrangement established in 2021 with the objective of promoting peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific. The decision comes in response to a surge in aggressive behavior by China in the area, prompting concerns about the potential for conflict. The use of AI technology, specifically in tracking Chinese submarines, is seen as a crucial step in enhancing the three countries’ anti-submarine warfare capabilities.

Advancements in AI for Underwater Detection

At a joint meeting held in Mountain View, California, defense leaders from the US, UK, and Australia unveiled plans to leverage advanced AI technology on patrol aircraft, such as the US’s P-8A Poseidon aircraft, which is equipped for anti-submarine warfare. The AI algorithms will process data from underwater detection devices used by each country, enabling faster and more accurate tracking of Chinese submarines. This joint effort aims to improve anti-submarine warfare capabilities and enhance the ability to exploit high-volume data in a timely manner.

AI for Enhanced Force Protection and Precision Targeting

In addition to tracking submarines, the three countries will utilize AI algorithms and machine learning to enhance force protection, precision targeting, and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) activities. By harnessing the power of AI, the US, UK, and Australia seek to bolster their military capabilities and maintain a competitive edge in the face of China’s increasing aggression. The use of AI in these areas will enable faster and more efficient decision-making, ensuring the safety and wellbeing of military personnel.

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Collaboration in Technological Areas

Beyond AI, the three countries are also collaborating in other technological domains to address the challenges posed by China’s military assertiveness. Quantum technologies, electronic warfare, and hypersonic weapons are among the areas of focus for this trilateral alliance. By pooling their resources and expertise, the US, UK, and Australia aim to develop cutting-edge technologies that can effectively counter China’s advancements in these fields. This collaborative approach underscores the shared commitment to maintaining peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.

Rising Concerns and Incidents

The decision to employ AI technology in countering China’s military assertiveness comes amid rising concerns about the potential for conflict. A recent incident involving Australian naval divers being injured by a Chinese warship’s sonar weapon, despite making their presence known, highlights the unsafe and unprofessional conduct exhibited by China. The Australian Deputy Prime Minister Richard Marles emphasized the importance of professional and safe military operations, urging all countries, including China, to adhere to these principles. The Pentagon’s China Military Power Report also expressed concerns about the possibility of an operational incident or miscalculation escalating into a crisis or conflict.


The US, Australia, and the UK are taking proactive measures to counter China’s growing military assertiveness in the Pacific by harnessing the power of AI. The use of advanced AI technology in tracking submarines and enhancing force protection and precision targeting will significantly bolster the anti-submarine warfare capabilities of these countries. Moreover, the collaboration in various technological areas demonstrates a shared commitment to staying at the forefront of military advancements. As tensions continue to rise in the Indo-Pacific region, the deployment of AI technology serves as a critical tool to maintain peace, stability, and the safety of military personnel. However, the potential for incidents or miscalculations escalating into conflicts underscores the need for continued vigilance and diplomatic efforts to prevent further escalation.

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